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Islamic Republic of Iran

General Information of Islamic Republic of Iran







General Information

 

Geographic Condition: 35 41 N 51 25 E
Area: 1,648,195 km2 (18th)
Capital : Teerã
Official Language: Persian (Farsi)
Other Spoken languages: Persian, Armenian, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Gilaki, Balochi, Mazandarani, Arab, Turkmen
Supreme Leader: Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khameini

 

President: Dr. Hassan Rohani
Population: 77,447,168 [4] (17th)
Unit of Currency: Iran Rial (IRR)
Internet Domain: .IR
International Phone Code: 0098
Calendar: Solar

 






IIndustries



Exportação

Exports


Oil and derivatives, petrochemical products, hand-woven rugs and handcrafts, Caviar, fruits and dry fruits (pistachio, raisins and dates), leather, appliances and dresses, food genres.

 

importacao

Imports


Machineries, industrial metals, pharmaceutical, chemical derivatives, bovine halal meat and chicken, gains, sugar; fruits pulp and extract

 



industria

Industries


Oil, Petrochemical, Textile, Cement and other material for civil construction, food (especially sugar refining and extraction of edible oil).

 

agricultura

Agriculture


Cotton, wheat, rice, grains, fruits, oilseeds, such as pistachio, almonds, walnuts,

 






Provinces

 

Provinces of Iran: 31 provinces

Main capitals:
Karaj, Ardabil, Tabriz, Urmia, Bushehr, Shahrekord, Shiraz, Rasht, Gorgan, Hamadan, Bandar Abbas, Ilam, Isfahan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Bojnourd, Mashhad, Birjand, , Ahvaz, Yasuj, Sanandaj, Khorramabad, Arak, Sari, Qazvin, Qom, Semnan, Zahedan, Teheran, Yazd, Zanjan.






Iran’s National Holidays


Martyrdom of Imam Jafar Sadegh

30.07.2016

Martyrdom of Imam Jafar Sadegh

EID GHORBAN (FEAST OF SACRIFICE)

12.09.2016

EID GHORBAN (FEAST OF SACRIFICE)

Eid Ghadir

20.09.2016

Eid Ghadir

tassua

11.10.2016

tassua

Ashura ( dia de Martírio do Imam Hussein)

12.10.2016

Ashura ( dia de Martírio do Imam Hussein)

40th day of martyrdom of Imam Hussein

20.11.2016

40th day of martyrdom of Imam Hussein

Demise of Prophet Mohammad and martyrdom of Imam Hassan

28.11.2016

Demise of Prophet Mohammad and martyrdom of Imam Hassan

Martyrdom of Imam REZA

30.11.2016

Martyrdom of Imam REZA

Birthday of Prophet Mohammad & Imam Jafar Sadegh

17.12.2016

Birthday of Prophet Mohammad & Imam Jafar Sadegh

Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution

10.02.2017

Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatemeh

02.03.2017

Chahar-Shanbeh Soori

14.03.2017

Oil Nationalization Day

19.03.2017

Nooruz (Persian New Year)

21.03.2017

Islamic Republic Day

01.04.2017

Sizdehbedar (Nature Day)

02.04.2017

Iman Ali's Birthday

11.04.2017

The Prophet's Ascension (mabaath)

24.04.2017

Iman Mahdi's Birthday

12.05.2017

Demise of Imam Khomeini

04.06.2017

15th Khordad National Uprising (1963)

05.06.2017

Martyrdom of Imam Ali

16.06.2017

Eid-e-Fitr (End of Hamadan)

26.06.2017

The Day after Eid-e-Fitr

27.06.2017

Martyrdom of Imam Jafar Sadegh

20.07.2017

EID GHORBAN (FEAST OF SACRIFICE)

01.09.2017

Eid Ghadir

09.09.2017

Tassua

30.09.2017

Ashura (Martyrdom of Imam Hossein)

01.10.2017

40th day of martyrdom of Imam - Hussein Arba'in e Hosseini (40th days after ashura)

09.11.2017

Demise of Prophet Mohammad and martyrdom of Imam Hassan

17.11.2017

Martyrdom of Imam Reza

19.11.2017

Birthday of Imam Hassan Asgari

27.11.2017

Birthday of Prophet Mohammad and of Imam Sadegh

06.12.2017

Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution

11.02.2018

Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatemeh

20.02.2018

Chahar-Shanbeh Soori

14.03.2018

Oil Nationalization Day

20.03.2018

Nooruz (Persian New Year)

21.03.2018

Iman Ali's Birthday

30.03.2018

Islamic Republic Day

01.04.2018

Sizdehbedar (Nature Day)

02.04.2018

The Prophet's Ascension (mabaath)

14.04.2018

Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatemeh

09.02.2019

Fatima (daughter of Muhammad) Fāṭimah bint Muḥammad was one of the daughters of Muhammad, a prophet of Islam, and of his first wife Cadija (Arabic: فاطمة, translation: Fāṭimah, IPA: [fɑːtˤɪma] . She was married to Ali (the fourth caliph, to the Sunni or the first, according to the Shiite perspective). Fatima during the illness and death of the father When Muhammad fell ill, Fatima was sad because of the deep bond she had with her father. According to a tradition (Hesdicus) transmitted by Aixa, Fatima cried on seeing Fatima, but Fatima comforted her and Fatima smiled. After Muhammad's death, Aixa asked Fatima what his father had told him at the time; according to Fatima, Muhammad told him that the angel Gabriel made more regular visits to reveal the Qur'an to him and as such Mohammed sensed that his death was near. Muhammad also told her that she would be the first person in the family to join her father, the first to enter Paradise. Fatima in popular veneration Fatima is venerated by the Shiites and is seen as a model by Muslim women because of their moral and religious virtues. One of the titles attributed to them is that of al-Zahra, or "the Resplendent." A dynasty of caliphs, from the Ismaili Shiite Islam, claimed to descend from Fatima - from it by removing its name: Fatimid. The name Fatima is very common among Muslim women. In Sub-Saharan Africa the Fatimata, Fatoumata and Fatou variants are used. Hamsa - or Hand of Fatima - is a talisman used by some Muslims who believe that it can ward off the evil eye. Commemoration of the martyrdom of Fatima Shiites celebrate martyrdom in Bahrain Shiites in general and Iranians in particular hold annual ceremonies for 20 days in the Jumada Alula months to commemorate the anniversary of the martyrdom of Fatima. Funeral processions are organized where people reaffirm their fidelity to the ideals of Fatima. Enviar feedback Histórico Salvas Comunidade

Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution

11.02.2019

Iran celebrates 40th anniversary of Islamic Revolution Cantos to the glory of Islam and the Iranian nation, anti-American slogans or against the Saudi dynasty: Iran launched on Friday (1) the ceremonies marking the 40th anniversary of its Islamic Revolution. With green, white and red flags, thousands of people gathered at the mausoleum of Imam Khomeini in Tehran at the request of the authorities. The commemorations began in the morning at 9:33 p.m., landing time in Tehran on February 1, 1979, of the Air France plane that brought back, after more than 14 years of exile, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, father of the Revolution and first guide of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Normally, the "bell of the revolution" rings at this hour in every school in the country every February 1st. Speaking of celebrations around the country, Isna news agency broadcast a video showing boats sounding their sirens in the port of Bandar-Abbas, at 9:33 am In the mausoleum of Imam Khomeini in southern Tehran a male choir sang a hymn: "Iran, home of hope, our guide is the guide of free men." Thanks to the velayat ["the Muslim jurist's government", political model theorized by Khomeini] are alive and remain. " In the room, whose ceiling is supported by impressive columns, a varied audience; formed by Shiite clerics, civilians, men, women and military, heard the chant. In Iran, Feb. 1 marks the first day of the "Dawning Decade," the ten-day period between Khomeini's return and the final victory of the Revolution on February 11, 1979. For several weeks, state television shows programs dedicated to the Revolution and the 40-year history of the Islamic Republic.

Chahar-Shanbeh Soori

19.03.2019

Chaharshanbe Soori (The Festival of Fire) March 19, 2019 The Festival of Fire is a remnant of the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism, where fire represents God‘s light or wisdom. The Persian name of the festival consists of čahāršanbe, the name of "Wednesday" in the Iranian calendars, and SURI, most plausibly meaning "red" and referring either to fire or to ruddiness.On the eve of the last Wednesday of the Persian solar year, known as Chaharshanbe Suri or the Persian Festival of Fire, special customs and rituals take place in which everyone particularly children eagerly participate. The term Chaharshanbe Suri is made of two words meaning Wednesday and celebrations/red respectively, where young and old gather around and jump over fires that stay burning all night. These bonfires symbolize kindness, friendship, and light. Undoubtedly Chaharshanbeh Suri is one of the most popular ways to welcome Nowruz. Annual Event based on Persian Calendar, Last Wednesday before New Year Eve (One night between 13-20 March)