On February 1, 1979, the late founder of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Seyed Rouhollah Khomeini, disembarks from an Air France plane returning home after more than 14 years of exile.
Fajar's ten-day celebrations, ie the "Fajr Decade" began throughout Iran, marking the race for the 38th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, which put an end to the Pahlavi monarchy.
The festivities began around the country at 9:33 local time, symbolically marking the exact moment when the late founder of the Islamic Republic, Imam Khomeini, arrived back in exile on February 1, 1979.
A special ceremony was also held at the Imam Khomeini mausoleum south of Tehran with the participation of prominent state and military officials as well as thousands of people from all walks of life.
Simultaneously, special ceremonies are being held at more than 80 Iranian cultural centers in 60 countries to mark the first day of the "Fajr Decade" period, ie the dawn decade.
Imam Khomeini spent more than 14 years in exile, mainly in the Iraqi holy city of Najaf. He also spent some time in Turkey and France before his return to Iran.
Millions of people converged on the capital of the whole country on the day of their return. His arrival gave a considerable boost to popular protests against the Pahlavi regime, which eventually led to its complete collapse ten days later. Alvorada's 10-day festivities will culminate in national rallies on February 10 this year, the anniversary of the Islamic Revolution.
On Saturday, the leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei, visited the mausoleum of the late Imam Khomeini to honor the founder of the Islamic Republic.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and members of his cabinet also visited the mausoleum to renew its allegiance to the ideals of the founder of the Islamic Republic. By overthrowing the Pahlavi regime 38 years ago, the Iranian nation ended with 2,500 years of monarchical rule in the country.
The Islamic Revolution established a new political system based on Islamic values and democracy. During the Fajr Decade celebrations, the Iranians participate in different events and activities to mark the occasion.