“It’s very important that global warming not exceed 2 degrees centigrade and, to achieve this, the response lies not just in renewable energy. The study we’ve done concluded that we have to combine renewables with natural gas,” Adeli said.
The GECF official, who attended an oil conference in Bolivia, stressed that this strategy should be accompanied by a reduction in oil and coal consumption.
The Iranian diplomat and economist said countries should aim to expand the renewable energy market and consumption of natural gas, a fuel that is considered cleaner than burning coal or crude.
The GECF predicts that dependence on fossil fuels in the world will be reduced from 80 percent to 75 percent within 25 years.
The world has large natural gas reserves and Saudi Arabia, Russia and Iran possess huge reserves, Adeli said.
Scientists are working on new technologies to remove the CO2 produced by coal in an effort to make it a cleaner energy source, the GECF official said.
Fossil fuels, however, will still be around over the next 50 years because the growth in renewables will be insufficient to meet total energy demand, Adeli said.
For many countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, natural gas is accessible, inexpensive and does not require complex technologies, compared to solar power plants.
The GECF’s members are Russia, Iran, Qatar, Algeria, Bolivia, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Libya, Nigeria, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela and the United Arab Emirates.
The Netherlands, Iraq, Oman, Peru and Norway have observer status in the organization.
GECF members control 42 percent of the global natural gas supply, 70 percent of proven reserves, 40 percent of the gas transported via pipelines and 65 percent of the global liquefied natural gas (LNG) market.