From August 1 to 7, World Breastfeeding Week is celebrated in more than 170 countries, a week dedicated to promoting breastfeeding and improving the health of babies around the world. PAHO / WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding by the 6th month of life and complementary breastfeeding by other foods until at least two years of age. This World Week commemorates the signing of the Innocenti Declaration formulated by WHO and UNICEF experts in August 1990 to protect, promote and support breastfeeding.
"Breastfeeding: the basis of life" is the theme of this year's World Breastfeeding Week (SMAM) defined by the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA). According to the international network, "in a world full of inequalities, crises and poverty, breastfeeding is the foundation of good health throughout life for children and mothers." The action will take place between the 1st and the 8th of August.
"The theme summarizes, in one sentence, the vital importance of breastfeeding. If we do not have a solid foundation in any "construction", what comes next is threatened, it may collapse ", comments the president of the Scientific Department of Breastfeeding, dra. Elsa Giugliani. For her, a sound health base "includes the best possible food for the child, which is breast milk, providing better physical, mental and emotional health for the child, and thus contributing to a strengthened initial (base) structure" .
NUTRITION - The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (ODS) are to inform on how breastfeeding is linked to good nutrition, food security and poverty reduction; linking breastfeeding to the nutrition, food security and poverty reduction agenda; engaging with individuals / organizations working on these issues; and motivate actions to promote breastfeeding as part of nutrition, food security, and inequality reduction strategies.
"The intention is to motivate actions to promote breastfeeding as part of the strategies of nutrition, food security and reduction of inequalities," says Dr. Elsa. According to Waba, "we all have an important role to play in ensuring the growth, development and survival of all children around the world." The president of DC also emphasizes that pediatricians play a privileged role because of their proximity to families and the influence they have on them.
For her, the major contribution that the pediatrician can make to this year's campaign, and at all times, is to encourage breastfeeding: from the prenatal, the delivery room, the first hour of life, the maternity, and the other phrases. In addition, it should offer guidance, support and not prescribe unnecessary formulas, and throughout the whole breastfeeding period support and provide competent assistance to mothers and their families.
"Specifically on the subject of SMAM, the pediatrician can help in its dissemination, thus collaborating to increase awareness of the importance of breastfeeding in the present and future of the child and reducing inequalities," he concludes.
According to data from the campaign organization, 50% of the world's women work in vulnerable, low-wage, long-term conditions. Therefore, the objective of the struggle goes beyond maternity leave. It is necessary to ensure that these professionals continue to be remunerated during this period of remoteness, that they are stable, that they can take breaks during the journey and that they have a quiet and reserved environment to do so.
Worldwide, more than 10 million children under the age of five die each year from preventable and treated diseases. There are a number of cost-effective and effective preventive and therapeutic interventions that can help reduce the number of deaths among children under five. The main one is breastfeeding until at least the first six months of the baby's life. In 2018 the 26th anniversary of the World Breastfeeding Week (SMAM) is celebrated, which seeks to trigger joint actions for breastfeeding. The protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding are the three fundamental pillars for increasing and consolidating breastfeeding rates in both developing and developed countries. SMAM is the most important time in the year for the promotion of breastfeeding in all the means of communication that we have access to.
Today, scientific data show that the change in the composition of breast milk from the baby's birth to the end of the feeding stage is in line with the baby's nutritional needs and immunology. In the first days after the birth of the child, the first mother milk produces colostrum, which, given the combination of carbohydrates, lithium, proteins, calcium, phosphorus, vitamins, cells, immunoglobulins, lactoferrin, sodium, serum albumin and other substances make the food ideal for the child, in fact, provides immunity to the child during the most sensitive and vulnerable period of their lives.
Although not many years have paid attention to children's rights and problems, in documents such as the Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the divine religion of Islam for many centuries has addressed the rights of children and assigned special duties in this respect to the parents. God, through his wisdom and greatness, designated breast milk as the most complete nutrition for children. In this regard, a part of verse 233 of Surah the "Cow," in the holy Qur'an, God says: "Mothers are to breastfeed their children for two whole years if they wish to have a full breastfeeding." The Prophet of Islam (P.E.C.E) on the importance of infant nutrition through breastfeeding warned: "There is no better milk than breast milk for the child."
Breastfeeding has many benefits for the mother and the baby. When the mother breastfeeds her child, she feels pleasure and satisfaction and good conscience, hugging her baby to breastfeed. So this exchange and exchange creates a deep emotion between mother and child. Breast milk is the perfect food and ready always available everywhere and its composition changes the growth of the baby. This milk is unique in the aspect of food digestion, free from germs and infections and does not cause allergic diseases or other diseases. Its composition contains proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins and temperature is suitable for the human body and control baby anxiety. Because the baby during fetal development - 9 months of pregnancy - became familiar with the internal organism and listening to his mother's heart pulse, become irritated by lack of food, lack of sleep or illness, receiving chest from his hand and listen to the rhythm of his heart, he quickly reassures. Therefore, a mother's heart is the best and the most beautiful soft music for the baby. According to psychologists, at a distance of 30 cm, maintains the best emotional exchange between mother and child that gives the baby peace of mind and satisfaction to his mother.
What is important is that the mother's success in feeding a baby and getting enough milk is directly related to the support of her husband and the father of her child. In the midst of a tense life today, it is the duty of the father to provide guarantees to the mother during lactation. Mothers generally do not believe in supplemental leire, but often under the stress condition, are forced to resort to formula milk. Tranquility and self-confidence are factors that improve breastfeeding and encourage the mother to give her baby healthy food.