In the previous text we know the impressive buildings and historic houses of the old districts of Kashan. Today we will visit the Abassian mansion.
The historical set of the Abassian house is situated in one of the former districts of Kashan called Soltan Amir Ahmad. This set was built by the late Seyed Ebrahim Tajer Kashani in 1830 to 1835; A very important work in the architectural point of view and its decorations.
The Abassian Historic Set also has five courtyards, each with common spaces, featuring an exclusive residential architecture. After the death of its first owner, the building underwent changes, dividing it into five separate and independent plants. In 1995, the Board of Directors of the Restoration of Historic Structure of Kashan, with financial assistance from the Ministry of Industry and Mines, purchased this set and restored it. In 1998, this mansion was listed on Iran's national heritage list.
From an architectural point of view, Abassian's mansion has a rich design. Also the plaster decorations, the paintings and the very style of the Islamic architecture, everything is impressive since it shows a work done very delicately. This building is still a candidate for the first prize of the Iranian-Islamic dwellings.
The architectural style of the building is known in Persian as "Godal-e Baghche", according to which, the surface of the building is at lower level than the one of the street and, therefore, call it uneven constructions. The reason buildings were constructed in this style is due to the climatic situation of the region. Previously, due to the use of natural water sources and in order to supply this element in different parts of the building, they built wings on a lower surface at street level. Another reason has to do with the isolation of the earth before the heat in the summer and the cold in the winter. On the other hand, the earth excavated from the hole where there is a house used to build other houses.
Other characteristics applied in the architecture of these buildings are the symmetry observed in different parts and that contributed to a magnificent appearance. Also this set was constructed compatible with the variety of the seasons, that is to say that, part of the building is suitable for the summer and the other one is for the winter. The architecture of the building is very simple and with few decorations.
Another interesting building in the city of Kashan is the historic house of Brujerdi which is also situated in the old district of Soltan Amri Ahmad, where is currently the office of the Organization of Cultural Heritage, Crafts and Tourism of Kashan. The building, one of the examples of the houses of the Qajar era, was built in 1864 by one of the famous merchants called Seyed Hasan Nazari, who was associated with the merchants of the city of Brujerd, also known as the house of Brujerdi. This house is also compatible with the climatic characteristics of the desert region of the city of Kashan. Therefore, in the very hot summers, to capture the wind has buildings in the upper part of the building, where in a natural way, they pass fresh and very pleasant air. This house also has two divisions: interior and exterior.
Bruyerdi's house is one of the great historical-cultural heritages of the thirteenth century of the Hegira, with its artistic decorations of the Qajar era. Fine paintings created by Kamal al-Molk, a well-known Persian painter, and other skillful artists of this land, transformed this residence into one of the most outstanding architectural works.
It should be mentioned that the historical houses of the city of Kashan are not limited to these two. We can list others such as the Ameries house, Tabatabaies, Al-e Yasin and Taj. Each one maintains, due to the internal decorations and its architecture, its own characteristic.
We are dedicating the second part of our presentation today to the rose distillation ceremony in the city of Qamsar, one of the cities on the outskirts of Kashan. The city Qamsar is like a jewel in the desert of the province of Isfahan, where every year, gather in the month Ordibehesht (which coincides with the month of May) lovers of flowers and their perfume in their gardens. The damask rose gardens gave this city a good landscape in the coastal mountains that are on the outskirts of the city. If we travel to this part of Iran at the time of the harvest of roses and distillation of the roses, observing a great multitude of men and women picking the roses in a bag, receiving tourists with much affection, and offering flowers.
Qamasr is a green city with trees and flowers. In this region grow more than 500 thousand tons of roses annually is a place known for the quality of the waters of roses in great majority traditionally made.
In the spring, for 10 to 15 days, and at dawn and before dawn, collect the flowers, this is to avoid that the heat and the sunlight make the roses lose the perfume.
In Ordi-behesht (or May), almost every house in Qamsar is traditionally made the process of distilling roses. At this time the doors of all the houses for the visitors are open while the workers are working, also answering the doubts.
The city of Qamsar in the season that flowers the damascena roses and the season that produces the rose distillation ceremony, in its traditional form, is so attractive that welcomes a large number of national and international tourists who come to participate in the international festival of distillate Roses in a pleasant setting full of flower gardens of rose color.