And because of the breadth and sensitivity it has, it is divided into three provinces: the province of East Azerbaijan, Western Azerbaijan and Ardebil. In today's program, we will travel to the province of East Azerbaijan.
Eastern Azerbaijan, whose capital is Tabriz city, has an area of over 26,254 km2, is one of the most important and most populated of the provinces of Iran composed of different cities. Eastern Azerbaijan borders on the north with the country the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Autonomous Republic of Naquichevão, both were, in the past not so distant, part of the Iranian territory. This province is limited to the south with the provinces of Zanjan and the western Azerbaijan, the east with the province of Ardebil and, to the west with the lake of Orumieh.
The study of historical documents indicates that 2600 years ago the present territory of Azerbaijan belonged to the realms of the Fear kings and was known as the Small Fear. It is said that the origin of the name of this land comes from the name of Aturpat, an Iranian gentleman of the time of Darío III, last king of the Achaemenid dynasty. The Greek geographer, Strabo wrote in 63 BC: "At the time of Alexander the Great's sovereignty in Iran in 331 BC, a gentleman named Aturpat, governor of the little Fear, revolted and freed a part of the little Fear that was in the Greeks' control, for Atzarpatkan was later named Azarbaigan, Azar-abadgan, and later Azerbaijan. This land has been a part of the ancient land of Iran, where they have developed from various events.
The province of East Azerbaijan is located on the great plateau of Iran that lies between the plain of Mesopotamia and the Caspian Sea and includes mountains, valleys, plains. The 3,722-high Sahand Mountain is the highest point in this province. In addition to Sahanad, there are other mountains and mountains, the green valleys that have left a pleasant and breathtaking view.
Many rivers, gardens of different fruits, forests with abundant flowers such as anemone, narcissus, lily and hyacinth, all impress any visitor.
The climate in this region is variable by the existence of mountains, plains and valleys.
East Azerbaijan has a cold and moderate climate. The eastern and southeastern regions have a moderate Mediterranean-like climate and the Black Sea, and the eastern part is affected by the climate of the Caspian Sea, and finally, the northern region of the province, has a cold winter temperature similar to Russia's Siberia .
The province of East Azerbaijan is mountainous and runs through several rivers such as the river Aras on the border between Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The rich sources of groundwater and surface water have made this region an important pole of agriculture and livestock in the country. Wheat, barley, rice, beet, cotton are some important products of the region.
The passage and bibs of the province of East Azerbaijan also have a special importance. In parts with moderate climates almost produces all kinds of fruits in which, in addition to the domestic market also are exported to other parts of the world. Dried fruits are one of the traditional products of East Azerbaijan. Germany, the United Arab Emirates, Yugoslavia, Saudi Arabia, Great Britain, Turkey, Sweden, Italy, Canada and the former republics of the former Soviet Union are the region's export destinations.
East Azerbaijan is also one of Iran's industrial provinces, especially the city of Tabriz, the capital, is an important hub, including in the history of Iran's economy, in negotiating with European countries. The industrial towns in the suburb of Tabriz have boosted the province's industry. Tractor factories, automobiles, elevators, hydraulic pump factories and other factories have made the province one of the country's important industrial regions.
The handicraft of the province is also very attractive. The original tapestry industry is very common in Tabriz and is one of the largest non-oil products. Wearing the rug has long been regarded as an art, and nowadays it is also a source of income. The region's carpets are exported to other countries, such as the USA, Germany, France, Italy, Great Britain, etc.
The province also has its riches in the natural mines. The copper mines in the city of Ahar, building stones and cement in the city of Sufian gave a certain importance to this region with its varied natural wealth.