We intend these programs, go to different places, to give them to know the different aspects and attractions of this millennial country.
We begin today's program, presenting them the province of Fars in southern Iran, which is one of the oldest regions of the country and due to climatic diversity and valuable historical works, has become a place of important tourist attraction Will.
The Fars province is as old as the history of Iran and is one of the centers that formed the ancient civilizations of the world, including Iran. This land is the cradle of science, culture and civilization and has a special place in the minds and hearts of Iranians and other nations of the world.
The mountains, the beautiful rocks, the amazing architecture and the works discovered in the scientific research of Fars province have always attracted the attention of archaeologists and historians. In the mountains of Fars, there are carved stone sculptures that belong to the time of Ilamian four thousand years old; The Jamshid and Pasargad throne of the Achaemenid empire belonging to the year 6 a. C (BC), and also the works of the time of the Sasanian empire, which are in most cities of Fars province demonstrate the antiquity of this land. In addition, the Fars province has a deep cultural antiquity, as many intellectuals as Mola Sadra, Hafez, Sadi, Sibuye, among others, have been born in this region and are authors of many works highlighted cultural, scientific, philosophical, religious and literary .
As for the history of Fars, it is said that there are about 1100 years. c, a group of the Aryan race, after a long way, reached the plateau of Iran. This ethnic group, called Pars, lodged in a temperate climate region in the south of present-day Iran, and named the area with your name. Thus, he formed one of the oldest civilizations in Iran, which was, repeatedly, the country's capital and center of the sovereignty of kings. The Persians are one of the most ancient people who inhabited the plateau of Iran and empires of Achaemenid and Sasanian belong to this people.
A tribe of Persians called Achaemenid, took power between the 330 years to 559 a. C. and, little by little, extended its influence in most of the civilized world that then. At that time, Fars, as the center of sovereignty, was one of the ancient civilizations of Iran and held the largest industry of his day. The remains of the historical Jamshid and Pasargad throne monuments indicate the antiquity of this land.
Also, after the expansion of Islam in Iran, Fars was the center of the sovereignty of empires, as Atabakan and Fars (684-543 lunar Hijra), the families of Injo, Ale Mozafar and Zendie. The Zendie family at the time of his reign, very developed this region, and that we will refer in the next program, which will also study the historical works of Fars province.
Fars, with an area of 133,000 square kilometers, it is one of the southern provinces of Iran and, according to the latest geographical division of the country, carried out by the Interior Ministry of Iran, has 29 cities.
The province of Fars limits to the north with the province of Isfahan, to the east with the Yazd and Kerman province, south with Hormozgan province and finally to the west borders the provinces of Koh-Kiloyeh and Buir Ahmad and Busher. Shiraz is the capital of Fars, which has an important place among the Iranian cities of historical and cultural aspects.
The province of Fars is a mountainous region whose high formations are part of the mountainous chain of Zagros, which extend from the north to the south of Iran. Fars is a fairly wide area, and its proximity to the Persian Gulf in the south and with the desert in the northeast, it has a unique and diverse climate.
In general, this province there are three very different climates. In the north and northwest of the province winter it is very cold and the summer is temperate; in the central regions in the winter rains and it is mild and summer is hot and dry. On the other hand, in the southern and southeastern regions of Fars winter is mild and very hot summer.
Water resources in this province are the underground rivers and also the rivers flowing on the surface. The river Kor is one of the most important, which is born in the northern mountains of this region and dies in Bakhtegan lake. Rivers firuzabad, Qare-Baq and Fahlillán born in the mountains and flow into the Persian Gulf. In Fars there are also three lakes, Bakhtegan, Maharlu and Parishan (Famur) that are the most important of the province.
The multiple waterfalls, rivers and heights in the province of Fars have become places to hunt and have fun, on which we will talk in the next program.
Having regard to water resources and land for crops, Fars province is a major hub of the country's agriculture. Wheat, barley and maize are the main cereals this province and, rice and citrus in the region have an excellent quality. Agriculture and livestock are also important in Fars and contribute a part, as well significantly, the needs of meat and dairy products from all over the country.
According to the latest research, the population of Fars province has more than 5 million and 400 thousand people. Most people speak Persian, but also by the diversity of ethnic groups, are frequent other languages such as Turkish, Arabic and lor. Another cultural characteristic of this region is the peaceful coexistence of people of different religions, such as Jews, Christians, Zoroasters, etc.
A curiosity is that the largest nomadic tribe in Iran belongs to this region. The nomads of Fars include the Qashqaey tribes, Khamse, Mamasani and Alwar and Koh-Kiloye, which are divided, each in multiple ethnic groups.
Nomadic tribes of Fars, throughout history, have been founded a rich culture in this territory, and its culture is one of the tourist attractions of Iran. The Fars is one of the provinces highlighted by its crafts, including traditional rugs such as origin nomadic known as Guelim and Gabe. In this province, crafts with wood is also common, as the types of: Khatam-kari, Monabat-kari and Moaraq-kari, among others. Moreover, the metal industry is also one of the oldest arts in Fars as Noqreh-kari and Qalam-zani, made of silver.
The flora and fauna that exists in Fars province is also very varied. The species most important trees found in this region are: peanuts, sauce, castaña as well as medicinal and industrial plants such as liquorice, cow tongue, tragacanth, the asafoetida and milk pea. The climatological diversity, fauna that is observed in this region is very diverse, includes mammals, birds, and aquatic, among others. And in places protected in this territory live many other animals.
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